Updated: April 12, 2022

How Many Amps Does A Gas Stove Use – Full Detailed Guide

Written by:
Timothy Spencer
Edited by:
Brian Dean
Fact-Checked by:
Josh Reynolds
Table Of Contents
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A gas stove does need electricity even though its been used on natural/propane gas. The reason is that there are some electrical components within your stove that still needs electricity. However, as compare to electric stove, the electricity used by gas stoves are minimal.

Key Takeaway:

As per the requirement of many famous companies, like LG and Samsung, a gas stove requires a dedicated circuit, attached to
four-prong receptacle, with a capacity of 50 amps.

Therefore, it would be appropriate to utilize a special fused electric circuit with 120 volts, 60 Hz, and 20 amps.

It is further advised to utilize a circuit breaker or time-delay fuse to avoid any mishap and not use this circuit to plug more than one appliance.

In order for you to communicate sensibly with an electrician if you need their assistance for your gas stove installation, it will also be discussed here whether you need a dedicated circuit and whether you need to utilize a ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI).

Why does a gas stove needs power?

Even while it doesn’t use nearly as much power as an electric oven, a gas oven still requires electricity. The electricity is used to run the gas igniter and any other accessories included with the machine, such as a clock/timer and an oven light.

Gas stoves use electricity to power their digital controls, clock, and unique features including a hood, an internal convection fan, light(s), igniters, and maybe warming drawers.

Typically, a gas stove requires a 120/125-volt outlet. The typical gas stove operates at 1.5 amps, although the circuit capacity will be significantly more (15 amps to 20 amps).

How Many Amps Does A Gas Stove Use – Full Detailed Guide (1)


How Does Gas stove Electric Supply Works?

The gas stove’s clock, controls, and other features, including a hood with a ventilation fan, are powered when the power wire from the gas stove is plugged into an electrical outlet. Cooking odors and any smoke are carried outside by the hood.

To produce a more equal heat, a convection fan circulates the hot air inside the oven. To make it simpler to see what is cooking, the range may also have a light.

Electricity is used by the igniters to generate a spark that lights the gas. Electricity may be used by warming drawers to maintain a warm interior.

A 15-amp to a 20-amp circuit may be necessary for a gas burner. 50 amps is needed for an electric stove, and up to 60 amps if the microwave is powered by the same circuit.

If you don’t require a full oven, you might want to think about purchasing a gas stovetop.

? Note:

  • The American electrical requirements are 120 Volts (60Hz) AC and 240 Volts (60Hz) AC.
  • Whereas The European standard is 230 Volts (50Hz) AC.

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What Does Companies Says about Amperage requirement for Gas Stove?

The following are some illustrations of the manufacturers’ suggestions for the electrical specifications for various gas stove types, as extracted from the installation manuals:

As per Samsung Slide-In Gas Range (User Manual):

Use a dedicated 120-volt, 60-Hz, 20-amp, AC, fused electrical circuit for this range. A time-delay fuse or circuit breaker is recommended. Do not plug more than one appliance into this circuit.

Download full Manual from here.

As per LG Gas Range Owner’s Manual:

Electrical Requirements 120 Volt, 60 Hz, properly grounded dedicated circuit protected by a 15 or 20 Amp circuit breaker, or slow blow fuse.

If an external electrical source is utilized, the appliance, when installed, must be electrically grounded in accordance with local codes or, in the absence of local codes, with the National Electrical Code, ANSI/NFPA 70.

Download full Manual from here.

Not only this, other famous Brands GE, KitchenAid, Frigidaire, Bocsh & Thor also advises their customers to use 120 Volt, 60 Hz, grounded alongwith dedicated circuit with a 15-amp or 20-amp circuit breaker while installing their gas range.

However, at some points you may observe that several popular models have the same specifications.

The type you select can, however, have different requirements, so make sure to read the installation handbook or user’s manual to be certain of the precise specifications for your gas stove.

Therefore we recommend you to:

Is compliance with Gas stove outlet code compulsory?

Yes, complying with the gas stove outlet code is necessary for installing a gas range. If there are no local construction standards, a gas stove must be grounded properly in accordance with the National Electrical Code, ANSI/NFPA 70. A typical three-prong grounded receptacle may accommodate the power cord’s grounded three-prong socket.

Keep the ground-plug prong in place. A three-prong cord should not be plugged into a two-prong outlet using an adaptor.

The electrical connection of a gas stove does not require a ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI). With the exception of the occasional requirement to reset the circuit if it trips, the stove can be plugged into a GFCI outlet without negatively impacting performance.

Relevant FAQs

Now, we’ll discuss some relevant questions that people ask related to this subject. But before that, if you think that the information provided thereon was helpful then subscribe to our newsletter and you will get comprehensive weekly tips directly into your email.

Does a Gas stove Need a Dedicated Circuit?

Well, it is recommended that you do get a dedicated circuit for your gas stove/ranges. However, it is not compulsory and depends upon different aspects like model, make and local building codes.

A video from Benjamin Sahlstrom can be very good for you in this regard:

What size breaker is needed for a stove?

Primarily, we advice you to check the manual of your gas stove or get the help from manufacturer by telling the model of your stove.

However, If you don’t have documentation and can’t find the label on the stove itself, then don’t worry gas the stove may be plugged into a 120v 20 amp circuit. Because of the load, toasters and hair dryers are often bigger, yet your range is specified for usage on a 15 or 20 amp circuit (with 16 AWG).

How many watts does a gas stove use?

On the high setting, medium-size burners draw between 1,500 and 1,800 watts, whereas tiny or simmering burners draw around 1,200 watts. If you’re using more than one burner at the same time, sum the averages for each burner to obtain the total wattage.

Is a gas stove cheaper to run than electric?

Every state’s utility rates vary, but on average, a gas stove is 10–30 percent less expensive to run than an electric stove. While gas stoves are less expensive to operate, they consume more energy. Electric stoves are more expensive to operate and maintain than gas burners.

What size breaker do I need for a gas stove?

Standard appliance cordage is 16 AWG, and yes, the stove may be plugged into a 120v 20 amp circuit. Because of the load, toasters and hair dryers are often bigger, yet your range is specified for usage on a 15 or 20 amp circuit.

How much electricity does a gas stove use?

Depending on how much time you spend cooking on your stove, you can expect to pay an average of $2.34 per month to run a gas range without a pilot light (based on a gas rate of $1 per therm, or 100,000 BTU), compared to $5.94 per month to run a gas range with a pilot light (supposing gas rate of $1 per therm, or 100,000 BTU).

Does a gas stove use gas for the oven?

The majority of people will utilize an all-gas or all-electric range with only one fuel source. Both the cooktop and the oven are powered by gas in gas ranges. This is true for electric stoves that use 240V to power both the cooktop and the oven.

Where should a gas stove outlet be installed?

This section of the gas range should be located at the bottom of the appliance. Place the receptacle at a low level.

Does a gas stove need a GFCI?

No. GFI protection is not necessary for electric range circuits and receptacles, and if this is a normal receptacle for a gas range, it is behind the range and not serving the counter, thus no GFI is required.

What kind of plug does a gas stove use?

A gas oven, like any other 120-V device, plugs into a standard 120-V outlet instead of a 240-V one. The electricity is primarily used to power a piezoelectric igniting device, which removes the requirement for a gas-wasting standing pilot.

Is it safe to use a gas range adapter?

For gas ranges, a power adaptor is required. Legally and safely converts 220V to 110V. If you’re going from electric to gas ranges, there’s no need to install a new outlet; simply put this converter in and you’re done.

Is a gas stove cheaper to run than electric?

Gas stoves are less expensive to operate than electric stoves, costing anywhere from 10% to 30% less on average. Propane and natural gas are both less expensive than the same quantity of electricity.

How many amps does a gas oven take?

A typical kitchen oven consumes 30 to 50 amps. As we examine larger commercial ovens with more burners, this spectrum grows. An industrial oven with a quick-heat burner or convection oven will use roughly 50 to 60 amps.

What voltage does a gas stove use?

Because gas stoves operate on 120 volts, switching to electric will necessitate a bigger electrical line from the circuit breaker.

Does a gas stove need a 20 amp circuit?

Yes, a 15 amp may be used on a 20 amp circuit.

How much energy does a gas stove use per hour?

A gas oven consumes a significant amount of energy. Given that the average gas oven uses roughly 12 megajoules of gas per hour, you should anticipate paying 65c per hour for cooking.

Is a gas stove better than electric?​

Depending on what and how you cook, both gas and electric stoves offer benefits. For searing meats or stir-frying vegetables, gas ranges provide more responsive heat management, whereas electric ranges provide a dry, uniform heat that is excellent for baking.

Can a gas stove and microwave on same circuit?​

A gas stove or oven consumes very little electricity, so whichever circuit it’s on is unlikely to have an effect. Microwave, dishwasher, and garbage disposal will all have their own circuits in a normal kitchen.

Do chefs prefer gas or electric stoves?​

Chefs like gas ovens since they respond faster when preheating for baking or cooking, but you’ll have to wait a few minutes for your electric oven to heat up.

Can I use 10 3 wire for a stove?

Three 10-gauge conducting wires and one 10-gauge ground wire make up 10/3 cable. It’s most commonly used to wire outlets with a voltage of 220 volts (four-pronged outlets in the US). Clothes dryers, air conditioners, and small kitchen ranges are all often powered by 10/3. Appliances drawing up to 30 amps can be served with 10/3 wire.

For a conventional electric stove that runs on a 240-volt circuit, a 10/3 wire should be used.

Can you run a stove on 30 amps?​

As long as the wiring is done according to your local and national requirements, using the 30 amp breaker and 6 gauge wiring should not cause any issues. A 30 amp breaker is safer than a 40 or 50 amp breaker since it is more restricted.

What kind of electricity does a gas stove use?​

Electric stoves require a bigger electrical cable from the circuit breaker than gas burners, which use 120 volts. Because of this, the electrician will install a new 240-volt receptacle as well. This move may usually be completed in a few hours for a fraction of the expense of the latter.

How much electricity does a gas stove use?​

Electricity consumption for gas burners is around 1200 watts. This holds true for smaller cooktops. If you’re cooking on a medium-sized burner, the power consumption might be between 1500 and 1800 watts. The heating element may use up to 3000 watts if it is bigger.

Can I plug my stove into a regular outlet?​

When it comes to electricity usage, an electric stove is a powerhouse. Consequently, you can’t just plug them into the standard 110-volt outlets that are most common in the United States—most stoves require a special 220-volt outlet instead.

Does microwave need separate circuit?​

Dedicated circuitry is typically required for microwave ovens, however, it isn’t always required. Because it is required by the National Electrical Code for any permanent equipment, a circuit must be set up for every built-in oven. Countertop models that are small or outdated use less energy than full-size models.

Can I use a 50 amp breaker for a 40 amp stove?​

On a 40A circuit, any domestic cooking device rated at 12kW or less can be utilized. Also, in response to the original question, a 50A receptacle may be used with #8 (8-AWG) on a 40A circuit line. There are no 40A receptacles.

External Sources:

David Ross. 03.10.2022. “What Are Amps, Watts, Volts and Ohms?”. Science.HowStuffWorks.com.

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This article has been drafted by Team BurnEssa. This said team comprises of experts in their relevant fields having sole objective of providing a solution based on facts and figures. We are also running a local store with regard to providing certified services of Gas Cooktop repair & installation. So the advices we provide in this forum are legitimate and genuine to the extent of our best knowledge, experiences and expertise. You can join us on our social media platforms to contribute in helping others.
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