Can Gas Stoves Run On Propane

gas range with on burner

 Written by Timothy Spencer |  Fact Checked by Brian Dean |  Edited by Josh Reynolds

Last Updated: September 4, 2022

You can use gas stove on propane however, there would be some complications which need to be acknowledged here and some instruction that are required to be adhered.

It is pertinent to mention here that not all types of gas stoves can be converted from natural gas to propane because the natural gas is kept at lower pressure and therefore, some equipments, even with changes, can’t withstand the greater pressure of propane.

If you are intending to use your gas stove on propane then you may find this guide helpful! Though both gases are natural resources. However, there is still a risky assumption in order to utilizing gas stove on propane.

Even if it is possible for you to utilize your gas stove on propane, it is not highly recommended and by the time of you reaching the conclusion of this article will understand easily why we consider it as a bad idea.

Table of Contents

What Is The Difference Between Propane And Natural Gas?

The primitive thing here is to understand the operationalization of both. Hence you should know the difference between propane and natural gas.

Natural gas is a fossil fuel with high methane levels. It necessitates a larger air-to-fuel volume ratio than propane. Orifices with wider holes are used in natural gas stoves to allow more air to go through and allow for optimum burning.

Propane, on the other hand, is a byproduct of the distillation of natural gas and crude oil. It is also known as Liquefied Petroleum (LP). Propane is heavier than natural gas and, when compressed, condenses into a liquid.

Natural gas may be delivered via pipelines, whereas propane is delivered using high-pressure cylinders that maintain the high density and pressure.

Propane has a greater BTU rating than natural gas. Each unit of propane has double the energy of a unit of natural gas. As a result, for the same amount of heating, you’ll need twice than much natural gas as propane.

What happens if Gas stove run on propane?

Well, in consideration of the differences stated above, both gases work differently and thus both will have different kind of impact on your gas stove; making it difficult for you to operate your gas stove smoothly.

However, there are some key points that are highly noted by many when they conducted this experiment and we have tried to highlight them for you:

Excessive Flame

Running propane through an aperture meant for natural gas will result in an excessively big flame and soot. The flame will get larger, causing damage and maybe an explosion.

This is due to the fact that the orifice jet intended for natural gas is bigger than the one built for propane. Unreacted propane results in the formation of carbonaceous soot. When propane is partially burned, it emits deadly carbon monoxide gas and soot.

Inconsistent & Difficulty of Lighting

Another important consideration is the density of the fuel. Because propane has a larger density, it needs more pressure to completely burn the fuel. Incorrect fuel/air ratio results in irregular illumination and may cause harm.

Because of the reduced pressure, you may have difficulties igniting and maintaining the flame. If it ignites, you may observe bigger flames that are unstable and difficult to control, turn orange, and leave soot on the cookware.

Poisoning from Carbon Monoxide

When utilizing bigger orifices designed for natural gas, using propane on a natural gas stove may result in carbon monoxide poisoning owing to incomplete gas combustion, excessive pressure, and gas leakage. Carbon monoxide is a colorless, odorless gas that, when breathed, causes poisoning.

How to convert natural gas stove to propane?

Even after considering all of these factors, if you are still stubborn to run your gas stove on propane anyways. You will be needing a conversion kit in this regard, then.

The contemporary conversion kits can be found in the stores of your stove manufacturers’ easily. Not only this, there are some type of gas stoves / ranges that come different kind of conversion kits saving you time, effort and money.

Moreover, if you gas stove doesn’t contain any conversion kit within it or you also cannot find the separate conversion kit on the concerned store / online then it is an indicator that your gas range isn’t convertible and you should try to contact your range’s manufacturers’ helpline before conducting any experiment.

Below is mentioned the procedure for converting gas stove in propane

Shutting off electricity and gas

Turn off the electricity to the range at the breaker panel or fuse box. Turn off the gas by closing the gas shut-off valve.

Removing grates, burner caps and burner heads

  • Lift the gas burner covers off the burner heads after removing all of the stove grates.
  • Remove the nuts that hold the gas burner heads in place with a 3/16-inch socket.
  • Remove the cooktop’s burner heads.
  • With the help of a nut driver (7-mm), remove the orifices from the holder of burner orifice.

Installing LP orifices

Now, find out the type of LP orifice that goes to the range burners and screw that tightly onto the burner orifice holders.

Reinstalling grates, burner caps and burner heads.

  • Place the burner heads in their proper positions.
  • Replace the burner head screws and tighten them securely.
  • Use the appropriate burner caps to cover the burner heads.
  • Reinstall the stovetop grates.

Removing Warmer Drawer

  • Fully open the warming drawer.
  • Lift the left release lever and gently take the warmer drawer out.
  • For taking the warmer drawer out, you have to push down on the right release lever. 

Converting pressure regulator

  • Unscrew and remove the pressure regulator’s hex nut cover using a wrench.
  • Disconnect the plastic converter plug.
  • Rinsert it into  the pressure regulator by flipping  over the conversion plug.
  • Replace the hex nut cap.

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Converting oven broil burner

  • Place a wrench on the gas tubing to keep it in place.
  • Tighten the broil burner orifice spud 1-1/2 turns with a second wrench until it is snug against the burner tube. Avoid overtightening.
  • Loose the air shutter lock nut and fully open the air shutter.
  • Tighten the lock screw on the air shutter.

Converting the bake burner

  • Tighten the bake burner orifice spud 1-1/2 turns until it rests snugly against the safety gas valve. Avoid overtightening.
  • Open the air shutter completely by loosening the air shutter lock nut.
  • Now tight the lock screw on air shutter.

Reinstalling warmer drawer.

Place the warmer drawer on the rails and close it.

Reconnect the gas and electrical lines.

Turn on the electrical breakers and open the gas supply valve.

Testing:

Inspect all surface burners for correct flames.

How Much Does It Cost To Convert A Gas Stove To Propane?

Conversion Professionals will often price between $150 and $300. They may charge more or less, but most will charge between that range.

Protocol to follow when considering to utilize propane stove:

Before using a stove, always read and follow the manufacturer’s instructions.

  • Never use a stove inside or near a tent, even if it is covered by a dining fly.
  • Use only the windscreens recommended by the manufacturer, and never place a single-burner stove inside a huge pot to block the wind (could lead to an explosion of the canister).
  • Never leave a burner alone, and never overload it with a heavy pot.
  • Allow the stove to cool fully before opening it, changing the fuel canisters, or storing it.
  • Even if the canisters are empty, keep them away from heat sources.
  • Refilling small propane canisters is not recommended. Many states have restrictions that govern which types of propane tanks may be refilled. Visit a propane retailer in your area.

Final Word

Now that you are here, at the bottom, and it is you to decide whether you want to be abstained from utilizing your gas stove on propane or go for it.

In our humble opinion, we are of the view that you should drop the subject because it is not a very good idea.

Further in the same context, if there is no other option left for you should ask for the experts or get the help of your manufacturers’ support.

Never try to do it yourself! If you are persistent take strict precautionary measures and comply with the instructions stated above.

Team BurnEssa
Team BurnEssa

This article has been drafted by Team BurnEssa. This said team comprises of experts in their relevant fields having sole objective of providing a solution based on facts and figures. We are also running a local store with regard to providing certified services of Gas Cooktop repair & installation. So the advices we provide in this forum are legitimate and genuine to the extent of our best knowledge, experiences and expertise. You can join us on our social media platforms to contribute in helping others.

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