Updated: April 4, 2023

6-2 vs 6-3 Wire For Range

Written by:
Timothy Spencer
Edited by:
Brian Dean
Fact-Checked by:
Josh Reynolds
Table Of Contents
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When it comes to wiring a range, there are two common wire sizes used - 6-2 and 6-3 wire. Both are rated for 50 amps and can handle the power requirements of most ranges. However, there are some key differences between the two that you should be aware of before making a decision on which wire size to use. In this article, we'll take a closer look at the differences between 6-2 and 6-3 wire for 36 inch ranges.

What is 6-2 wire?

6-2 wire consists of two insulated wires (a black and a white wire) and a bare copper ground wire. It is rated for 50 amps and is commonly used for ranges and other high-powered appliances. The black and white wires carry the 240 volts of power needed to operate the range, while the bare copper ground wire provides a path for electrical current to flow safely to the ground in case of a fault.

What is 6-3 wire?

6-3 wire consists of three insulated wires (a black, a red, and a white wire) and a bare copper ground wire. Like 6-2 wire, it is rated for 50 amps and is commonly used for ranges and other high-powered appliances. The black and red wires carry the 240 volts of power needed to operate the range, while the white wire is used as a neutral conductor. The bare copper ground wire provides a path for electrical current to flow safely to the ground in case of a fault.

Differences between 6-2 and 6-3 wire for ranges

Number of wires

The most obvious difference between 6-2 and 6-3 wire for ranges is the number of wires. 6-2 wire has two insulated wires and one bare copper ground wire, while 6-3 wire has three insulated wires and one bare copper ground wire. The additional wire in 6-3 wire is a neutral wire, which is not present in 6-2 wire. This neutral wire provides a return path for the unbalanced load in the range, which helps to prevent electrical shock and damage to the range.

Range requirements

Another factor to consider when choosing between 6-2 and 6-3 wire for ranges is the specific requirements of your range. Some ranges may require a neutral wire, while others may not. It's important to consult the manufacturer's specifications to determine which wire size is appropriate for your specific range.

Cost

The cost of 6-3 wire is typically higher than 6-2 wire due to the additional neutral wire. However, the difference in cost may not be significant, especially if you are only running a short length of wire.

Ease of installation

Installing 6-3 wire can be more complex than installing 6-2 wire due to the additional wire. You will need to ensure that the wires are properly connected and secured, and that the neutral wire is properly grounded. It's important to follow all safety guidelines when installing electrical wiring, and if you are not comfortable with electrical work, it's best to hire a licensed electrician.

Code requirements

In some areas, building codes may require the use of 6-3 wire for ranges. It's important to check your local codes to ensure that you are using the appropriate wire size for your range.

Conclusion

When it comes to wiring a cooktop ranges, the choice between 6-2 and 6-3 wire depends on the specific requirements of your range and your local building codes. While 6-3 wire is generally more expensive and can be more complex to install, it may be necessary if your range requires a neutral wire or if local codes mandate its use. Consulting a licensed electrician or the manufacturer's specifications can help ensure that you are using the appropriate wire size and installation procedures for your specific range.

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This article has been drafted by Team BurnEssa. This said team comprises of experts in their relevant fields having sole objective of providing a solution based on facts and figures. We are also running a local store with regard to providing certified services of Gas Cooktop repair & installation. So the advices we provide in this forum are legitimate and genuine to the extent of our best knowledge, experiences and expertise. You can join us on our social media platforms to contribute in helping others.
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